Servomotors – What are they?

Currently the servomotors are included in the category of special motors, being considered precision motors and can be applied in the most diverse activities, of which stand out the positioning systems; industrial robotics; transport lines; flexible manufacturing systems. The servomotors have a range of characteristics that distinguish them from the other engines and have a high dynamic, that is, they operate at several speeds with constant torque, they also have a strict torque control, that is, one can easily act on the torque of the servomotor to raise and lower without damaging the servomotor.

In addition to these features the servomotors have an enormous precision of their speed as well as the position of their rotor, due to the fact of their control devices. Servomotors are currently divided into the following types: Alternating Current Asynchronous Servomotor skf bearing 22222 e/c3, Alternating Current Synchronous Servomotor and Continuous Current Servomotor, Step Servomotors, Switch Reluctance Servomotors and Induction Servomotors. Prior to the increase in power electronics and magnetically hard materials, the servo motors were DC-powered having a brush-collector assembly. The torque control of this type of motors was quite simple and presented a good precision for the time.

Single Phase Motors

Single-phase induction electric motors are small machines, developed for fractional powers. The vast majority of these engines are made with powers lower than a CV. These engines have utility in home appliances, shops, factories. A standard residence in the United States of America uses a dozen or more single-phase motors. These engines are quite simple to manufacture and are classified according to their starting system used, since they are electric motors that have no starting torque.

The single-phase induction motor baldor vm3538 has rotor with winding of the squirrel cage type and stator with distributed winding. The current working through the winding located in the rotor is an induced current, in accordance with Faraday’s induction law and because of no starting torque, if the stator winding is fed, the rotor will not initiate the rotational movement. However, if an initial rotation in the rotor is given, with the help of the hand or other means such as a lever, the rotor will continue the movement while the stator winding will continue to feed.

Continuous Current Motors

The DC electric machine was for some time the most appropriate solution to problems in which it was essential to vary the speed during operation, and because of the simplicity to change the speed with this type of electric motor, which can be obtained by varying the continuous supply voltage or varying the intensity of the magnetic field. This has resulted in its widespread use in the past. In addition, in situations where only continuous power supplies were arranged, it was more feasible to use a DC machine than to convert DC to AC, using electric motors that are powered by an alternating current.

The DC machine baldor vem3709t has two main parts: the stator and the rotor. The stator and rotor are separated by the air gap. The stator is the part of the machine that is stationary, that is, has no movement. The rotor is the moving or rotating part. Both stator and rotor are built using ferromagnetic materials and it is necessary to increase the flow density and thereby decrease the size of the machine.

Motors- Definitions

The electric motor is a machine designed to transform electrical energy into mechanical energy and has evolved over time to serve diverse applications. In 1885 the Italian physicist Galileo Ferraris, based on the studies of Michael Faraday’s electromagnetic induction law shown in 1831, developed the asynchronous electric motor of alternating current which can also be synchronous or asynchronous, single-phase or three-phase.

With regard to the power supply of electric motors we have two items that we must consider; the dimensioning of the power cables and the characteristics of the service network. NBR is the acronym for Brazilian Standards of Regulation. The standards of NBR 17094 indicated for the voltages and frequencies must be complied with in relation to the characterization of the power grid. Already for the sizing of power cables of the electric motors determined by its nominal current, they must obey the indications of the NBR 5410.

As time passed, various types and models of electric motors were developed, and these were being refined according to the needs that were appearing. Today, electric motors are found in the most diverse shapes and sizes, each suited to their task, no matter how much torque or power an engine needs to develop.